Das aktualisierte Women Peace and Security Handbook von Peacewomen, zweite Auflage von 2012, hier als PDF.
Ergebnisbericht des WILPF-Seminars zu Internationalem Recht, Abrüstung, Frauen und Menschenrechte vom 1./2. Dezember 2011 in Genf hier als PDF.
"Frau Macht Veränderung"
Herausgeberinnen: Barbara Lochbihler (MPE/Grünen) und IFFF
15 Jahre nach der Weltfrauenkonferenz in Peking ziehen internationale Politikerinnen, Aktivistinnen und Wissenschaftlerinnen Bilanz: Was ist geworden aus den Beschlüssen des bis dato größten weltweiten Frauentreffens? Warum ist die Armut weiblich geblieben? Wieso wird heute mehr Geld in die Rüstung gesteckt als jemals zuvor, während für den Einsatz für Geschlechter-gerechtigkeit die Ressourcen knapp sind? Die Autorinnen beschäftigen sich zudem mit ethnischen Minderheiten, Migrantinnen, der feministischen Bewegung, sexualisierter Gewalt in Kriegen und nicht zuletzt mit dem Friedenszug, der im Jahr 1995 über 200 Frauen von Helsinki zur Pekinger Konferenz brachte. Herausgegeben von Barbara Lochbihler, Europaabgeordnete der GRÜNEN/EFA-Fraktion und der Internationalen Frauenliga für Frieden und Freiheit.
Das Buch "Frau Macht Veränderung"
Neue Publikation des Peace Women Projekts von WILPF: Women Peace and Security Handbook, Oktober 2010, Compilation and Analysis of UN Security Council Resolutions Language 2000-2010, abrufbar unter folgendem Link: http://www.peacewomen.org/security_council_monitor/handbook.
Eine Ende 2008 erschienene Europabroschüre von WILPF/IFFF in englischer Sprache mit dem Titel "Promoting Peace and Human Security in the European Union -
a Guide to European Security Policy" kann unter folgendem Link abgerufen werden: http://www.ikff.se/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/esp_booklet_homepage.pdf
PEACE MUST BE ORGANISED
In 2003 the European Union (EU) adopted a European Security Strategy (ESS)
(http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/78367.pdf) under the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) called, "A Secure Europe in a better world". Compared to previous security policies of the majority of European member states, the notion of "expanded security" now has a global orientation. The EU has become a principal actor in the field of international civil and military operations outside of the EU, for example in conflict regions in non-EU-countries such as Afghanistan, Kosovo, Iraq, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The ESS is an answer to the so-called key threats: state failure in specific regions of the world; proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; international terrorism and organised crime; and regional conflicts. Recently, climate change has been added as a new threat and challenge for security policy.
Threats to security are viewed as those which have the potential to endanger the stability of Western-oriented states and to undermine their access to resources. The answers to EU security concerns remain oriented towards narrowly defined national or geostrategic EU interests. According to WILPF's analysis, it is obvious that the EU's strategic responses are becoming increasingly militarized. Clear criteria for civil or military interventions are lacking and interventions are not critically evaluated. The EU's security concept is totally gender blind and contradicts relevant resolutions voted in by the European Parliament. (www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/file.jsp?id=5288682)
The EU accepted a framework against terrorism in 2002. (Council Framework decision of 13 june 2002 on combating terrorism 2002/475/JHA ) Due to this framework, it is now a crime to participate in the activities of terrorist groups and to give information or economic support. Recently, it was revised and "public exhorts to terrorism" as well as the "recruiting and education" of terrorists are now seen as criminal acts.
Coordinated measures include greater control of EU citizens such as phone-tapping and monitoring of electronic communication. The "war on terror" has not contributed to the decline of terror threats but is instead undermining the basic principles of the rule of law.
Through this European Security Strategy, the EU is provoking a crisis situation, which it should tackle. Increased militarization is a security threat in its elf because it endangers the lives of women and men living in crisis regions and of refugees and it fails to offer a long term solution.
PEACE NEEDS MORE!
The narrow definition of security as "security of States" is totally insufficient. Priority should be given to the security of the people, especially of the most vulnerable part of society, women and children.
The focus must be on a larger concept of Human Security - developed and promoted within the UN, which includes the reduction of structural violence; physical safety as well as socio-economic well-being; respect for the dignity and identity of people as individuals and as members of communities and the protection and promotion of their human rights and fundamental freedoms. This concept of Human Security encompasses "security risks" which WILPF considers to be some of the root causes of conflicts - poverty; lack of access to health; unsafe environments; lack of education and unequal rights.
Gender is a fundamental factor when examining conditions that reflect rising tensions within society. For example, obvious indicators relate to the feminisation of poverty and the increased economic burden placed on women during conflict; the decline in women's access to health, education, employment, credit and land; and the rise of domestic violence, trafficking and increased rates of forced or voluntary prostitution. The equal participation of women in all fields of conflict prevention, resolution and decision making, as set out in UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (SCR 1325) is urgent.
Peace needs to shift from "a culture of reaction to a culture of prevention" and therefore should not continue to focus efforts on reacting to crises, when it is often too late. (such as e.g. in the Balkans) The EU should rely on its long tradition of diplomacy as well as strengthening civil society, including women's organisations active in the field of conflict prevention, civilian crisis management and reconstruction.
WILPF URGES POLITICAL PARTIES AND POLITICIANS:
To focus all EU crisis management efforts on long-term conflict prevention and civilian measures and to implement an action plan on SCR 1325 at the EU level and in all EU countries
To stop militarization and promote disarmament at all levels - from small arms to weapons of mass destruction
To push towards achieving the UN Millennium Development goals in EU foreign and trade policies
To work together with other multinational institutions on conflict prevention
To count Human Rights more in the EU.